Spiral wave banks
A common form of weaponry used by the Cardassian Union, it acts as the primary armament for most of the race’s military and non-military vessels. While highly effective against moderately shielded capital ships or smaller shuttle and fight craft, it is a recognised fact that these disrupters lack the refinement or sheer power of their Klingon or Romulan counterparts. Perhaps this failure is due to the mixed nature of the weapons, utilising tried and tested disrupter technology with a close variant of the Federation’s phaser technology. Initially hoped to provide the weapon with both firepower and expanded capabilities, this move instead brought with it engineering and power efficiency problems that could not be adequately addressed.
Strictly speaking, no elements of the disrupters can be considered true phasers. However, the spiral wave technique, an innovation in energy compression and emission, supply these Cardassian weapons with a much higher output than was previously the case, effectively doubling efficacy over short- to medium-ranges. The increased output had deleterious effects on the actual machinery of the disrupters, but making maintenance of the affected systems a high priority allowed the Cardassian military to outfit most of its vessels with this armament.
Although not as powerful as the heavy disrupters of the Romulan Star Empire or the Type IX arrays of Starfleet, these weapons can be extremely destructive when used appropriately. It is possible that, with the inclusion of high powered phaser banks in larger Cardassian military craft, spiral wave disrupters will become a thing of the past, but for the time being they remain as the major armament of the Cardassian Union.
Spiral wave disrupters can be found as banks of various power levels and medium power full disrupter systems.